Europe’s youngest country Kosovo on Wednesday marked 13 years of its independence. Kosovo got an early taste of its future in 1945 as “the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija” within socialist Yugoslavia. Later, in 1968, it became the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo. Yugoslavia’s new Constitution in 1974 enabled the province to function at every administrative level independently of its host republic within Yugoslavia.
In the late 1980s, Slobodan Milosevic — then Serbia’s president within Yugoslavia, before dying decades later in 2006 while on trial for war crimes — effectively terminated the 1974 privileges, saying they were contrary to the interests of Serbs. Milosevic’s move drew criticism from the other Yugoslav republics. In response, in 1990 the Kosovo Assembly voted to declare Kosovo an independent state. The assembly’s vote was recognized by Albania. Later, conflicts between Serbian forces and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), which was founded in 1991, played an important role in the country’s move towards independence.
The conflict escalated into the Kosovo war, which lasted from February 1998 until June 1999. The war ended after NATO intervention in the form of an extensive bombing campaign, including targets in Kosovo. The office filed an indictment on June 24 against Thaci and former Parliament Speaker Kadri Veseli on the grounds that they had committed “crimes against humanity” and “war crimes” during the 1998-99 war with Serbia.
The 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence was adopted at a meeting held on 17 February 2008 by 109 out of the 120 members of the Assembly of Kosovo, including the Prime Minister of Kosovo and by the President of Kosovo. It was the second declaration of independence by Kosovo’s Albanian-majority political institutions. Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. Serbia saw this declaration as illegal and while they have recently accepted the institutions of Kosovo, they still regard it as an autonomous region with Serbia. Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 103 out of 193 United Nations member states.
Minted in nickel and given antique silver finish, this coin is imbued with bold colorful enamel on the obverse and a photo insert of snowy mountains on the reverse.
This coin measures 1 3/4 inch (44mm) in diameter.
This is a surplus NWTM item. Packaging may vary.